It is observed, the task in which the intellectuals, scientists and social scientists of Africa has to join forces with it politicians and administrators is not been adequately performed. It is realized, anywhere intellectuals and scientists are being co-opted and absorbed by national and international establishments, most of which are unable to think beyond the prevailing theory of modernization.

The intellectuals of most of the African countries have been lacking in performing their roles as interpreters of tradition and catalysts of change. Perhaps the new trend towards professionalization is responsible for this and yet no society can hope to bring about basic changes in ruling paradigms without the active involvement of scholars and intellectuals.

It is an indisputable fact that, outstanding major advances of recent times, which has changed the nature of the world we live in has been the architectural work of scientists, social scientists, journalists, literary men,  and other intellectuals mainly in the western countries, the soviet union and Japan, all of whom place a high value on intellectual activities.

Kothari (1974) alluded to the fact that, in a number of newly independent countries, too, intellectuals played a considerable role in creating new values and launching new movements of ideas, as well as in the growth of scientific knowledge. And yet when any of these achievements is either undermined, misused or simple ignored, the same intellectuals are unable to make themselves felt.

Many of the intellectuals in Africa prefer to be on the right side of the establishment, while others choose to contract out of the system as a price for their autonomy, such situation need to be changed. Scientists and Intellectuals have to appreciate the value of power in human affairs, something I do think, most intellectuals have either despised or feared. We need to become autonomous participants in the processes of decision-making without, however, arrogating to ourselves any superior status by virtue of learning or specialized knowledge. The basic point is, a divorce between intellect and power is undesirable to the continent.  It is through the Intellectuals involvement in the larger processes of political change on the continent that the ability of governments and oppositions, to accept and implement new choices based on a new vision and as well to avoid short-term temptations based on expediency will become possible. This result in Africans solving our own problems.

It is not enough to undertake a struggle against the force of reaction, it is also necessary to devise new modes of attending to the affairs of society based on a philosophy of life that is at once relevant to contemporary reality and based on an understanding of history, evolution and perennial dilemmas of human life, translated into a set of action proposals, without these, relevant proposals will remain confined in books.

The hour has come, where the intellectuals need to pool efforts as a means of influencing opinion in national and international settings. One of the observed weaknesses of intellectuals is their inability to organize collectively. It is necessary to cross this barrier without loss of time.

A titanic struggle has been going on for the minds of men on a world scale between the militarists and the multi-nationals on one hand and on the other hand, a small section of humanity committed to a different model of the world. This struggle necessitates an alliance between thinking strata in Africa, who have nothing to lose but their hopeless encirclement by archaic institutions controlled by new professional classes.

I will conclude my submission on the necessity to guide against pessimistic characters on the continent with the assertion of Kothari (1974) essay, as he recommend to us, to guide against dissenters and prophets of doom who have given up all hope and advocating catastrophic action here and now and more by men of science, literature, philosophy and the arts who are possessed by a deep sense of world crisis and are able to perceive the limited perspective in which their civilization has been built without, however, being bewitched by the new breed of charlatans from the mysterious East or seeking a return to their own biblical past.


Rajini Kothari (1974) Footsteps into the future, diagnosis of the present and a design for an alternative


Emmanuel Tweneboah Senzu, Professor of Frederic Bastiat Institute, Cape Coast Technical University  |

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